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As is the case in many Inuit societies, leadership in Inuinnait society was determined not by inheritance, but through demonstrated ability as a provider and through strength of character. Within Inuinnait society Angulalik was recognized as an individual of exceptional skill and intelligence. Due to these traits people gravitated towards him and recognized his authority in decision making.



In his youth Angulalik experienced the replacement of traditional Inuit hunting technology with firearms. He was an expert with the bow and arrow, and he sometimes chose to use them well after they were effectively replaced by rifles. Angulalik's skill and consistent production as a hunter was key to his emergence as a leader among the Ahiarmiut. He continued to provide country foods for his family and dependents after he became a trader.


Angulalik's ability as a provider enabled him to support two wives. Having more than one spouse was a mark of influence and ability in traditional Inuinnait society, and Angulalik had two wives at a very young age. As a result of running his own successful trading post, he became affluent, with vast resources and a great deal of influence. 

Angulalik's hunting licence N-1986-002-1
Inuit holding rifles over dead seals Ang

Inuit holding rifles over dead seals Angulalik in middle. (Northwest Territories Archives / N-1986-002: 0012)

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