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| Kitikmeot Regional Groups | Kitikmeot Regional Trade in 1900 |
| Akiliniq | Soapstone Trade |

Kitikmeot Regional Trade in 1900

Kitikmeot regional groups (see map) were very active in their contact and trade with each other at the beginning of the 20th century. In the western Kitikmeot, for example, there was a fair degree of specialization in the materials and goods traded by different groups. Kangirjuarmiut had a rich source of native copper northwest of Kangirjuaq (Prince Albert Sound) in their home territory and so were exporters of raw copper and completed copper snow knives.

photo of piece of native copper unworked from KHS collection
Fragment – piece of native copper unworked from KHS collection
(On loan from Canadian Museum of Civilization, CMC IV-D-1535)
photo of a Copper Inuit Snow Knife with bone handle and copper blade.
Copper Inuit Snow Knife with bone handle and copper blade. Collected by Vilhjalmur Stefansson in 1912.
(American Museum of Natural History [60/6984])

Qurluqturmiut were also exporters of native copper, though the deposits available to them along the coppermine river and at Dismal lake was not of the same quality as the deposits northwest of Kangirjuaq (Prince Albert Sound). The resources of the Haniragmiut were driftwood that they salvaged from the mainland, and pyrites that were quarried in their home territory. Pyrites were used to create a spark to start fires. Haniragmiut craftsmen were well respected by Kangirjuarmiut as producers of fine bows.

photo of Avranna mending his bow
Avranna mending his bow, Colville Hills, Canadian Arctic Expedition, 1914.
(Diamond Jenness/CMC/37058)

Puiplirmiut were also collectors of driftwood on the mainland, from which they constructed bows, qamutiiks, and tent poles for trade. Nagjukturmiut were well known producers of fine soapstone pots and lamps that were made from stone quarried from a river called Qurluqtualuk [Tree River].


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