Regional Trade in 1900
regional groups (see map)
were very active in their contact and trade with each other at
the beginning of the 20th century. In the western Kitikmeot, for
example, there was a fair degree of specialization in the materials
and goods traded by different groups. Kangirjuarmiut had a rich
source of native copper northwest of Kangirjuaq (Prince Albert
Sound) in their home territory and so were exporters of raw copper
and completed copper snow knives.
Fragment – piece of native copper unworked from KHS
loan from Canadian Museum of Civilization, CMC IV-D-1535)
Copper Inuit Snow Knife with bone handle and copper blade.
Collected by Vilhjalmur Stefansson in 1912.
Museum of Natural History [60/6984])
Qurluqturmiut were also exporters of native copper, though the
deposits available to them along the coppermine river and at Dismal
lake was not of the same quality as the deposits northwest of
Kangirjuaq (Prince Albert Sound). The resources of the Haniragmiut
were driftwood that they salvaged from the mainland, and pyrites
that were quarried in their home territory. Pyrites were used
to create a spark to start fires. Haniragmiut craftsmen were well
respected by Kangirjuarmiut as producers of fine bows.
Avranna mending his bow, Colville Hills, Canadian Arctic Expedition,
Puiplirmiut were also collectors of driftwood on the mainland,
from which they constructed bows, qamutiiks, and tent poles for
trade. Nagjukturmiut were well known producers of fine soapstone
pots and lamps that were made from stone quarried from a river
called Qurluqtualuk [Tree River].