Stephen Angulalik and Family 1950
Bailey/National Archives of Canada/PA 175729)
Angulalik was a remarkable Inuk. His skills and knowledge as a
hunter and leader were legendary among his people, the Ahiarmiut.
Angulalik was the owner of a successful fur trade post at Perry
River (Kuukyuak), and his influence and reputation were known
far and wide. Images and stories of Angulalik were published in
magazines and periodicals around the world.
Angulalik’s success as a fur trader came in part, by being
in the right place at the right time. Prior to the beginning of
sustained contact with whites, the Inuit of the Kitikmeot region
had already been part of Inuit trade networks stretching west
to Alaska, south to Churchill, east to Hudson’s Bay and
perhaps beyond. In the early 20th century, as commercial whaling
was becoming uneconomical in the western Arctic, former whalers
took an avid interest in the fur trade. It was the efforts of
their trading that resulted in the first sustained contact between
Kitikmeot Inuit and the outside world. The large fur trade companies,
the Canalaska Trading Company and the Hudson’s Bay Company,
were close on the heels of early fur trade pioneer Christian Klengenberg.
Navigate through the menu on the left to learn
about the different parts of the Kitikmeot fur trade story.